The Basic Elements Of The Presentation

The main elements of the presentation are:

  • Audience / auditorium
  • Time
  • space
  • visual means
  • Presenter


Knowing the audience means knowing the number of participants who will attend the lecture, audience composition/profile, the average level of knowledge of the audience on the topic of the presentation. The presentation must be adapted to the characteristics of the auditorium – to their knowledge, experience, interests and so on. If the audience is not familiar with the underlying topic, start explaining the basic terms.


In the event that the auditorium has a certain knowledge of the topic, remind them of the basic concepts and definitions by asking the question. After gathering information about the audience, you have to put yourself in the role of the “listener” – the success of the presentation depends on the extent to which you have taken into account the perspective of listeners.


Presentation time refers to the duration of the presentation and the duration of the presentation. You have to start the presentation on time. Delay is a “bad start” and creates a negative first impression. You need to know how many presentations can last, whether you are the sole speaker or one of many.


The spatial conditions depend largely on how the presentation will be organized. Spatial conditions include the shape and size of the room, room arrangement, seat arrangement, acoustics, lighting, temperature, technical means. It is important for the presenter to get acquainted with the space in which they will hold the presentation, especially if there is an opportunity to practice at that place.

Visual assets

“One painting speaks more than a thousand words.” (Chinese folk theorem). Visual tools enable the attention and engagement of the audience, and easier understanding and adoption of information. According to one survey, the use of visuals makes the presentation 50% easier to remember, and your message is 43% more convincing.


Tips for Using Visual Resources:

  • Do not use the resources just because everyone uses them, because it is “attractive” and “modern.”
  • Use resources that match your message and situation (available space,

time, audience).

  • Assume that some of the funds can be defective and prepare for such a thing


Remember: A visual tool is only appropriate if it improves the presentation by enhancing your own



The characteristics of a good presenter, of which the success of the presentation depends on

the following:

  • integrity – the audience believes the presenter,
  • Knowledge – the presenter has the appropriate expertise on the subject,
  • speaking abilities,
  • Confidence (but not arrogance),
  • calmness.